Author: Akash

Bhartiya Sakshya Adhiniyam 2023 Bhartiya Sakshya Adhiniyam 2023 is approved on 25th December 2023 by the President of India, which repeals the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. Here, we have provided the Bare Act of Bhartiya Sakshya Adhiniyam 2023. PART I CHAPTER I – PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, application and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023. (2) It applies to all judicial proceedings in or before any Court, including Courts-martial, but not to affidavits presented to any Court or officer, nor to proceedings before an arbitrator. (3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may,…

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Difference Between Confession and Admission Difference Between Confession and  Admission has been discussed in this Article. Understanding the key difference between confession and admission in the Evidence Act is very important. ConfessionAdmissionConfession is a format statement made by an accused person before the Magistrate to accept his guilt of a crime.Admission is a statement suggesting an inference as to any fact in issue or relevant fact.If a statement is made by a person charged with an offence then in the criminal proceeding, it is called as a Confession.If a statement is made by a person in a Civil court proceeding it…

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Difference Between Compoundable and Non Compoundable Offences Difference Between Compoundable and Non Compoundable Offences is discussed in this article. Compoundable offences are the less serious crimes where the victim can agree to drop charges through compromise. Non compoundable offences are serious crimes that can’t be settled and require full trials for justice. Compoundable OffencesNon Compoundable Offences1. Compoundable offences are minor crimes where the victim can agree to drop charges through compromise.1. Non compoundable offences are serious crimes that cannot be settled through compromise. It can be dismissed or quashed.2. Compoundable offences are the offences listed in section 320 of CrPC.2.…

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Types of Organization Structure Types of organization structure have been discussed in this article. What is organization and types of organization? An organization is a group of people who work together to achieve a common goal. Generally, there are two types of organization structure and these are;  Formal Organization A formal organization is a type of organization structure where the authority and responsibility are clearly defined. The delegation of authority and roles and responsibilities for the members are defined under this organization structure. There are several types of formal organization based on their structure, which are discussed as follows; Line Structure…

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Difference Between FIR and Complaint Difference Between FIR and Complaint is discussed in this article. An FIR and Complaint are two important terms to understand when it comes to reporting of crime to the police. These are crucial words in the criminal justice system. FIRComplaintThe term FIR is not defined in the Code. However, it is a piece of information given to the police first in point of time relating to a cognizable offence.The term Complaint has been defined under section 2(d) of CrPC as “Complaint means any allegation made orally or in writing to a Magistrate with a view to his taking action…

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Difference Between Summon Case and Warrant Case Difference Between Summon Case and Warrant Case is discussed in this article. In the Indian Legal System, summons and warrants are two types of criminal proceedings. The main difference between the two is the method used to initiate and conduct a trial. Summon CaseWarrant CaseThe term “Summons Case” is defined under section 2(w) of CrPC as, “Summons case means a case relating to an offence, and not being a warrant case.”The term “Warrant Case” is defined under section 2(x) of CrPC as, “Warrant case means a case relating to an offence punishable with death, imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term…

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Difference Between Cognizable and Non Cognizable Offence Difference Between Cognizable and Non Cognizable Offence has been discussed in this article; Cognizable OffenceNon Cognizable Offence1. The definition of cognizable offence is provided under section 2(c) of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.1. The definition of non cognizable offence is provided under section 2(l) of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.2. Cognizable offence is defined as “Cognizable offences are crimes for which the police authority can make an arrest of a person without a warrant.” 2. Non cognizable offence is defined as “Non cognizable offences are crimes for which the police authority can not…

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Nature and Scope of Administrative Law Nature and Scope of Administrative Law have been discussed in this article. Nature and scope of administrative law is the key factor for the smooth functioning of a Democratic Republic Country. The administrative law of the country regulates the relationship between citizens and government and protects the common man from arbitrary decisions of officials. Administrative law is an area of law that deals with various issues regarding the administration of decisions. Administrative law is the body of laws governing the administration of justice in civil, criminal and administrative matters in India. The administrative law consists…

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