Difference Between Lawyer and Advocate
Difference between lawyer and advocate is often used as synonyms in the layman’s world. But, in the legal fraternity, there is a difference between lawyer and advocate.
In this article, we will discuss the meaning and difference between lawyer and advocate;
Who is a Lawyer?
The word ‘Lawyer’ is a basic term and the person who obtained a law degree (LLB) in Law School is known as a ‘Lawyer’.
As, the person who has a law degree is known as a lawyer, but merely having a law degree does not constitute a lawyer starting a practice in the courtroom on behalf of his clients.
There are various types of lawyers such as advocates, attorneys, solicitors, law officers etc. All of these are considered to be specialists in the different fields of law.
All advocates are lawyers but all lawyers are not advocates, this is the statement that we can conclude there is much difference between the lawyer and advocate.
Who is an Advocate?
The word ‘Advocate’ is used for the person who has obtained a law degree in Law School and eligible to start practising in the courtroom is known as an ‘Advocate’.
As per section 2(1)(a) of the Advocates Act, 1961, the word ‘Advocate’ is defined as ‘Advocate entered in any roll under the provisions of the Advocates Act, 1961.’
In other words, an advocate is a person who has obtained a law degree and cleared the All India Bar Examination (AIBE). After clearing the exam he gets one ‘Certificate of Practice’ which is also known as ‘Sanad’. And, when the lawyer gets the certificate of practice i.e. sanad, he becomes an advocate and eligible to start his practice in the courtroom on behalf of his clients.
What is the Difference Between Lawyer and Advocate? The basic difference between lawyer and advocate is given below in the table as;
|The term ‘Lawyer’ is very general and used to designate a student who has a degree in law i.e. LLB.||The term ‘Advocate’ is used to designate a person who has a degree in law and enrolled with the State Bar Council and cleared the All Indian Bar Examination (AIBE).|
|The Bar Council of India does not regulate the conduct of lawyers.||The Bar Council of India regulates the conduct of the advocates and also controls the activities of the advocates.|
|The lawyers have only academic experience.||The advocates have academic as well as practising courtroom experience.|
|The lawyer could not conduct cases before the courtroom.||The advocate can conduct cases effectively before the courtroom.|
|Lawyers can engage themselves in any other business or profession.||Advocates cannot engage themselves in any other business or profession.|