types of conciliation,
Types of Conciliation

Types of Conciliation

Types of Conciliation are provided under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996. There are two types of conciliation. These are;

  1. Formal Conciliation or Voluntary Conciliation
  2. Informal Conciliation and Compulsory Conciliation

Formal Conciliation or Voluntary Conciliation

Formal Conciliation is where the lawyer and his client meet together to discuss and try to resolve the issue with the help of a conciliator present. So, where the lawyer and his client meet together to examine and attempt to determine the issue with the assistance of a conciliator who participated in this discussion is known as Formal Conciliation. Formal conciliation is also known as Voluntary Conciliation.

Informal Conciliation or Compulsory Conciliation

Informal Conciliation is where the disputes are addressed between the lawyer and his client over the cell phone, by way of notice, email, or any other electronic media, or in writing, etc. So, where the questions and answers are taking place between the lawyer and his client via email or telephone or in writing etc. is known as Informal Conciliation. Informal conciliation is also known as Compulsory Conciliation.

Conclusion

Types of conciliation are totally dependent upon the nature and gravity of the complaint which is determined by the individual basis by the assigned conciliator. Here, the lawyer can also be preferred as a conciliator at the will of the clients.

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